How other countries buried their dictators

As the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the eligibility of the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos’ remains to be buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani, let’s take a look at how the other countries laid their dictators to rest.


While some still managed to be given a state or military funeral, others were buried out of their home country, in unmarked grave, or dumped without so much as a ceremony, such as in the case of Adolf Hitler, based on secret Joseph Stalin files.

1. Francisco Franco (Spain)

Buried in a controversial memorial he ordered built for Spanish Civil War casualties and built in part by political prisoners through forced labor; with calls to exhume his remains to avoid tarnishing the memory of the war victims.

How Countries Buried their Dictators
image source:

2. Suharto (Indonesia)

Buried at a family mausoleum after a state funeral; status as a national hero is still subject to a debate.

How Countries Buried their Dictators
image source:

3. Slobodan Milosevic  (Serbia/Yugoslavia) 

Denied a state funeral; buried in his hometown.

How Countries Buried their Dictators
image source: Andrej Isakovic/AFP

4. Augusto Pinochet (Chile)

Denied a state funeral, but buried with a military funeral; his remains were cremated and deposited at his countryside retreat house so his enemies would never be able to desecrate his remains.

How Countries Buried their Dictators
image source: Reuters

5. Francois “Papa Doc” and Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier (Haiti) 

“Papa Doc” was buried at a national cemetery, but protesters tore his grave apart; while “Baby Doc’s” remains were cremated after being denied a state funeral.

Haiti’s National Cemetery:

How Countries Buried their Dictators
Image source: Ruth Fremson/New York Times

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