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How come Filipinos can’t recognize satire when they read one?

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Why do many Filipinos keep falling for satire news and articles, treating them as real news and even sharing them online?

According to a Rappler article written by Marguerite de Leon in 2013, “Why can’t many Filipinos tell truth from satire?” she noted how many times Filipinos have been fooled by satirical articles.

Filipinos have been fooled by satire articles, such as “Jinggoy Estrada Arrested After Trying to Smuggle Money Inside His Breasts to US,” “Harvard study finds that Filipinos are the world’s most gullible people,” and “CBCP trademarks the term Catholic,” among others.

De Leon also noted how the United States and the United Kingdom have embraced satire and enjoyed it for what it is, having consumed popular satire websites.

She wrote, “It’s possible, through a flawed educational system, that many Filipinos were not taught to think critically enough. And if you can’t think critically enough, grasping satire may be more difficult than it should be.”

De Leon commented on the alarming state of the education system in the Philippines as the country moves to a K to 12 program that crams more subjects in less time during class and how it lacks a proper science subject, which she notes is important since “a solid understanding of the scientific method goes hand in hand with critical thinking.”

She concluded that proper education will stop Filipinos from considering satire as truth and “prevent the unsavory events that inspire satire to begin with.”

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“Ridiculous” real events and Facebook consumption to blame too?

However, some Reddit users pointed out that there are lacking points in de Leon’s Rappler article.

Reddit user @SubversiveMustache noted, “A problem with satire in the Philippines is that factual, everyday news can be just as ridiculous.” The user then enumerated how Manny Pacquaio was then a member of Congress, how Erap Estrada still finished second to last in the 2010 presidential elections, and more. Local satire news may not be very well-written or may be too well-written and how satire may not just be a fitting genre for the Filipinos, the user added.

Another user @Grease-Lihgtning said that Filipinos often mistake satire articles from SoWhatsNews and MosquitoPress because of their “attention grabbing,” “ridiculous” headlines, which are immediately posted on Facebook. The user added how Filipinos often use Facebook: “check status, like, share, comment, scroll down… (Read the article? Nobody’s got time for that!)”

6 in 10 people will share link without reading its content, study says

The Washington Post covered a new study by computer scientists at Columbia University and the French National Institute, which showed that 59 percent of links being shared on social media have never been clicked. This meant that people who retweeted and shared news did not read it.

The article noted how this habit of using social media has led to the increase in the use of sharebait, the proliferation of Internet hoaxes, and the “lack of intelligent online discourse” when it comes to complicated and controversial topics.

The Washington Post article came a few days after satirical website Science Post pulled off its “lorem ipsum” gag with a shocking headline: “Study: 70% of Facebook users only read the headline of science stories before commenting.” The article served to prove its headline’s point after it was shared by almost 46,000 people. It showed that indeed, Facebook users did not read the article, which contains only one paragraph of actual writing, while the rest was filled with “lorem ipsum” text.

Those who do read the content also have to deal with another hurdle – understanding it. As what Alan Robles’ satire article “Study: Filipinos on Facebook comment on posts without reading them” said, there are also commenters who read the content of the post but fail to comprehend what it is saying. And he has a point!

True enough, there are several netizens who read Robles’ article and reacted negatively to it.

Filipinos Cant Recognize Satire

Filipinos Cant Recognize Satire

Now, if you enjoy satirical articles and you want to share them with your friends on social media, you might have to do what ABS-CBN did with Robles’ article – put #satire on your post, or announce in any way that you’re sharing satirical news. That way, no one would misinterpret it and share it without reading, thinking that whatever the satirical article is claiming must be true.

Sources: (rappler.com, sowhatsnews.com, mosquitopress.tumblr.com, filipinofreethinkers.org, reddit.com, washingtonpost.com, thesciencepost.com, k2.abs-vbnnews.com)

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Pimentel sees dismissal of ICC complaint versus Duterte

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Senate President Aquilino “Koko” Pimentel III said on Friday that the charges against President Rodrigo Duterte before the International Criminal Court (ICC) will likely be dismissed for lack of jurisdiction.

“I believe that simply is the procedure in the ICC – they give every complainant an initial chance to survive (sic),” Pimentel said in a message sent to reporters last Friday.

He added that he believes that after the initial interview, the complaint will be dismissed in just a matter of time. He says that it will be dismissed because of lack of jurisdiction.

The ICC has informed the Philippine government that it will be conducting a preliminary examination on the anti-illegal drugs campaign of the Duterte administration to see if there is a basis to conduct a formal investigation into alleged crimes against humanity that the president allegedly committed.

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ICC prosecutor Fatou Bensouda said that the preliminary examination that will be conducted will analyze the crimes allegedly committed in the Philippines in the context of the anti-drug campaign of the government from July 1, 2016.

She also clarified that a preliminary examination is not an investigation but a process to examine the information available and determine if there is reasonable basis to proceed with an investigation in accordance to the criteria established by the Rome Statute.

The Rome Statute is the treaty that established the ICC. It was signed by 123 states, including the Philippines.

The ICC has jurisdiction over genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.

Pimentel, a Duterte ally, doubted that what happened in the Philippines under the president’s war on drugs falls under serious and grave crimes.

“Look at the crimes under the ICC’s jurisdiction. Do you honestly believe what has happened here in the Philippines falls under any of those very serious and grave crimes? Honestly?” he asked.

Sources:

Politics.com, Inquirer.net

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Watch how artists’ group teaches Filipinos about their rights during TokHang

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Resbak, an alliance of artists, posted an almost six-minute video on their Facebook page about what you should do when you are dealing with the police during Operation TokHang. With over 7,000 deaths, the group wanted to educate the Filipinos about what to do when they suddenly find themselves the subject of TokHang. They easily abbreviates these eight fundamental rights into M.A.T.A.P.A.N.G.

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  • M for Manahimik. You can choose to keep quiet and not answer the cops’ questions during interrogations.
  • A for Ayoko. You don’t really need to grant the cops entry into your home if they say they want to search your home for illegal drugs.
  • T for Tumawag. You can call your lawyer and avail of his services even if you don’t have money to pay for it.
  • A for Alis. You can leave if the cops cannot provide enough basis to keep you in the police station.
  • P for Pribado. You should only be frisked for illegal items in a private place and only cops of the same sex should do it.
  • A for Alamin. You have the right to know the name and rank of the cop in charge of the operation.
  • N for Numero. You can call Resbak at 0956 874 2385 if you or someone’s rights got violated under TokHang.
  • G for Go. You go and follow the rules indicated above.

You can watch the video below, which was done as a spoof of the recently concluded Miss Universe 2017.



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Are you in DCW’s list? Here are tips on how to remove your name from that list and more

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If you find your name in Duterte Cyber Warrior’s “Wall of Shame,” which may make you a target of cyber threats, such as identity theft and other kinds of attacks, you can do something about it.

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Facebook user Khary Woulfe posted some tips on how you can hit back at the group’s threats.

Before visiting the page, make sure to do “Disable COOKIES, JAVASCRIPT and POP-UPS from your browser before clicking the link,” Woulfe said.

He also referred netizens to a safer version of the list, similar to the one posted by the Superficial Gazette. You can access it here.

As for taking your name, Woulfe suggested these tips:

  1. Verify your Facebook with your phone number. This is required to change your FB username.
  2. Change your username everyday (or more frequent than that.) The Messenger change username option is the fastest way to do so. (Otherwise, go to https://facebook.com/username if you’re on computer or on web version of Facebook.)
    This way, your old Facebook address included on their lists will point instead to a 404 (Page Not Found) page.

“However, if you haven’t provided your username beforehand and your link has been listed as https://facebook.com/profile.php?id=100000xxxx, the link would still point to your profile right after changing your username. If this is your case, it is better to deactivate your account for the mean time,” he added.

 

Woulfe also gave tips on how to take down the website hosting DCW’s list.

Here are the steps:

  1. Go to https://www.cloudflare.com/abuse/form and select Violent Threats.
  2. Fill in Full name with any name that isn’t your true name.
  3. Fill in your email address.
  4. Fill in Evidence URL with https://profile.du30cw.org/wos.
  5. Fill in Logs with:
    The link provided points to a website hosted on CloudFlare. The “Wall of Shame” is actually a list of Facebook profiles with links pointing to profiles that they are going to steal infos and photos. They also send death threats and other forms of black mails. I believe such kind of activity is illegal. My family and friends are included in the list. Please don’t allow your services to be instrumental to such kind of illegal activites. Thank you.
  6. Click Submit.

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